The art of Turkish tiles and ceramics holds a distinguished history in the art of Islam and the whole world. The roots can be traced to at least the 8th and 9th centuries. Subsequent developments were influenced by Karakhanid, Ghaznavid, and Iranian Seljuk art.
Turkey’s history of producing ceramics began from the primitive sculpture of prehistoric Anatolia to the ornaments and crockery of Hetites and the Ornate hand-painted tiles in Iznik.
An Era of mass production begun as the Turkish built factories to manufacture ceramics on a large scale; since then, the quality and quantity of Turkish ceramics have improved seamlessly. Turkish Ceramics was established in 1997 with the primary goal of raising awareness on the quality of Turkish ceramic all over the world. The group undertakes many activities for the global audience ranging from organizing design competitions, hosting exhibitions and trade missions.
What is remarkable in Turkish ceramics
Turkish ceramics were not only used for decoration but also for formulating a design for plain surfaces. Tile making, brick production, and roof production have created groups that are considered branches of ceramics.
Owing to the rich history in ceramics production, Turkey is viewed as a “land of ceramics.” These traditions have been coloured by the many different civilizations that evolved in the Anatolia region.
Iznik pottery or Iznik ware, for example, is a decorated ceramic that was produced from the last quarter of the 15th century until the end of the 17th century. In the last quarter of the 15th century, artisans began to manufacture high-quality ceramics painted with cobalt blue under a colorless transparent lead gauze.
Iznik pottery was named after the town in western Anatolia where the Iznik pots were made. The Town of Iznik began large-scale manufacturing of quality ceramics with high-quality flatware bodies painted with cobalt blue under transparent red glaze.
The design was a combination of Ottoman arabesque with some Chinese elements. During the 16th century, the decoration changed in style as additional colors were introduced. Previously, turquoise was combined with the dark shade of cobalt blue and some green and pale purple shade. The craftsmen then began to produce large quantities of underglaze tiles to decorate buildings designed by Architect Mimar Sinan. This was associated with introducing a characteristic bole red to replace the purple and red Emerald to replace sage green.
There was a deterioration of quality, and although production continued during the 17th century, the designs were poor. The last building to be decorated with tile from Iznik was the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul.
Kutahya was the Ottoman’s most important center for ceramic production due to the abundance of clay in the area. Ceramics were made in large quantities in Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, and Byza tine times, and the traditional techniques of work were developed during these days.
Canakkale was the production area of authentic arts in Turkish culture. Purplish brown, orange, yellow and white paints were applied under transparent graze. Among the most typical products were pitchers, vases, cruises, plates, mugs, writing sets, and other everyday ceramic objects.
Bornn is enamelware that is stocked all over Turkey. The brand has achieved global success with eye-catching marbled products. Each product is handmade in Istanbul and has expanded to include splatter patterns inspired by Italian ceramics and a lesser color block collection.
Palm house living offers a full range of lifestyles, ranging from glassware to paintings. The brand offers a perfect collection of Turkish ceramics; there are various hand-poured candle ceramics, marbled containers, and beautiful containers painted and decorated in local workshops. These products are bound to add more beauty to your home.
Serap Korkmaz is a ceramic label that Serap Korkmaz founded after a very successiful career working with the best architectural firms. The brand makes teacups made of glass then updated within magnificent ceramics with sleek metallic details to give an eye-catching look that your house needs.
Katzze produces Turkish plates, teacups, and candles that merge the traditional Turkish designs with a contemporary anesthetic. The brand ranges from classic blueprints inspired by the Persian emperor to bold leopard print designs. The piece is made in Turkey, and it is reinforced to ensure that it withstands multiple washes and daily use.
The ceramic collection of Topkapi includes over ten thousand pieces of Chinese porcelain but almost no Iznik pottery. Most of the surviving Iznik vessels are found in museums outside Turkey.
Canakkale ceramics dated back to the 17th century and were born from Iznik ceramics, renowned for being the pinnacle of the Turkish art of ceramics during the Ottoman empire in the 14th and 15th centuries. These products were made by hands, being sculpted using earthenware, a clay-based substance, and on some occasions, beige-colored clay. They also contained blue and white decorations with easily visible brush strokes.
The white and blue decorations gave them a characteristic similar to the traditional pottery and the elite craftwork of the Ottoman era. Making Cannakkale ceramics was a time-consuming process; they were often painted with creamy grazes. However, they had a diverse appearance, including plates, open and closed bowls, long-necked bottles, gas lamps, vases, and animal figurines.
The ceramics could be coated with either engobe or red earthware then dried in the sun before they are painted. When the production of ceramics in Iznik went down, Canakkale took over. Many foreigners could travel to buy ceramic as gifts and not for day-to-day use.
Canakkale ceramics were very popular in western Europe during the 19th century, but again, the popularity went down during the 20th century.
A vase is an open container that can be made of materials like aluminium, ceramic, and non-rusting materials like steel, bronze, and brass. Vases generally share a similar shape; the foot of the base may be bulbous, flat, or carinate, some vases have a shoulder, where the body curves inwards, a neck which adds some height, and a lip where the vase flares back out of the top. Some vases are also given handles.
Various ceramic vases have been developed worldwide, such as Turkish Ceramics, Chinese ceramics, and native American pottery. Vases have a long history in almost all developed cultures and are all works of hand. A vase is more valuable than just serving as a water source for cut flowers. The right vase will help a flower keep its form for the perfect display throughout the year or through an event.
When choosing a Turkish ceramic vase, there are factors to look into depending on your taste;
- Shape- the shape of your vase should correspond with the shape of your flower. For example, using a tall thin vase for a single long-stemmed rose or elegant orchid.
- Vase height- the golden rule is that stems should not be more than 1.5-2 times as tall as the phase. Furthermore, bear in mind where you will place the vase; obviously, the vase should not be taller than its location.
- Phase volume- a bigger phase can hold more flowers, but also, it has to hold enough water to sustain the flowers.
- It is also crucial to consider the formality of your decoration or event in line with the color of the vase you choose. Transparent colors are popular, but colored ones conceal the stem and roots.
Ceramic plates are made by taking mixtures of clay, earthen elements, powder and shaping them into desired forms. Once the ceramic has been shaped, it is fired in a temperature oven known as a kill. Ceramic plates are often covered with decorative, waterproof substances called glazes.
Ceramic plates have no chemical; thus, it is safe to eat food with them. Ceramic plates are very safe and don’t contain some of the harmful effects seen in materials like plastics. Ceramic dishes and cookware are gaining momentum all over the world. All the toxic substances are probably removed when the clay is heated at very high temperatures to produce ceramic ware.
Ceramic plates are handmade by few steps;
- Rolling a slab- use a slab roller or a simple rolling pin and roll out a slab of clay to about 1/8 thick. Ensure you use roll it out like a pie crust Wherever you are using a rolling pin. Ensure the slab is big enough to roll over the edges of the would.
- Drape the slab over the mold- carefully drape the clay slab over the mold and conform it to the whole surface of the mold.
- Use a knife to cut off the excess clay around the mold edges. For a perfect result, ensure you maintain the same angle with your cutter all way round.
- Use your fingers to smooth the edges. If necessary, you can use some water to moisten the surfaces, especially if they are cracking. Leave the plate on the mold to dry completely while wrapped in a plastic sheet.
Apart from being durable, ceramic plates add some aesthetic value to the house. Furthermore, they are not found to cause diseases associated with some plastic containers. Ceramic plates again are easy to clean; they don’t stick fat at all; indeed, they can be a perfect gift for our loved ones.